Re-designing Urban Space to Enhance Vitality: A Case Study of the Palestine Square in Zahedan

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Hamed Eghdami
Ahmad Esteghlal
Maliheh Zakeryian


Urban spaces are an important element in urban form. Urban squares, for example, have been a space for social and group activities for a long time, in order to create vitality in space. The presence of people in the city squares increases the vitality of that area. The Palestine Square of Zahedan is one of the oldest squares of this city. Unfortunately, over time this square has lost its vitality. The study was conducted based on descriptive-analytical method. Library and field survey was conducted for data collection. The population sample includes the residents and the passerby near the Palestine Square of Zahedan. The study evaluates the criteria of vitality as an indicator to redesign the square with proposed design alternatives. Questionnaire, field observation and interviews via EXCEL software and SWOT technique was implemented for decision making. Analytical Hierarchical Process technique was used for designing and evaluating the alternatives.


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Eghdami, H., Esteghlal, A., & Zakeryian, M. (2018). Re-designing Urban Space to Enhance Vitality: A Case Study of the Palestine Square in Zahedan. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 2(4). Retrieved from


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