International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Description</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) is an open access and peer reviewed multi-disciplinary quarterly journal which publishes <em>free of charge</em> original scholarly research papers on the fundamental research in all branches of theory and practice of art, providing rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental and theoretical results on the history of art, cloth designing, restoration, painting, graphic, architecture and urban design.</p> <p>The IJAPAS is under the evaluation process of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).&nbsp;All submitted&nbsp;manuscripts are checked for plagiarism through a trustworthy software named&nbsp;iThenticate&nbsp;to assure the&nbsp;submitted article originality and then peer-reviewed by the international reviewers.</p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>IJAPAS has been indexed in the Citefactor, Google Scholar, DRJI (Directory of Research Journal Indexing), J-Gate, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Magiran</a> and <a href=";DC=5860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RICeST</a>.</p> <p>Print ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4506</strong></p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4670</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Audience</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The IJAPAS hopes for researchers, graduate students, professionals and others would make use of this journal publication for the development of innovation in applied arts. The manuscripts should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The IJAPAS manuscript submission process is fully electronic, to ensure the rapid publication of results. Manuscripts should be submitted via our secure web site. Manuscripts submitted by hardcopy mail or by e-mail will not be processed.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Editor-in-Chief</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Associate Professor,<br>Faculty of Arts and Architecture,<br>Islamic Azad University,Yazd Branch,<br>Safayieh, Shohadaye Gomnam Blvd.,<br>Yazd, Iran<br>Email:</td> <td width="10%">&nbsp;</td> <td valign="top" width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Scope</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Topics suitable for IJAPAS include but are not limited to:</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Artworks, Performances and installations</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Urban design and architecture, architectural conservation and restoration of historical structures</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Fabrics, new methods for cloth fabrications and cloth design</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative media arts concepts and projects</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Painting and graphical arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative Web, Web3D, and multimedia studies and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Social issues and concepts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Imaginary and creative concepts and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Visual arts: ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Performing arts: music, theater, film, photography </span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Industrial design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Fashion design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Art history</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Aesthetics and semantics</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></div> en-US (Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi) (Dr. Seyedakbar Mostafavi) Sun, 20 Feb 2022 08:21:49 +0330 OJS 60 Analyzing the Effective Environmental Factors in the Sense of Open Spaces of Residential Complexes in Tehran <p>Open spaces in residential complexes have diameters that encourage people to attend these places to pass their times. This research by using a complex method, extracts effective environmental factors in the sense of place in open spaces of residential complexes to develop them by means of developing stimulus projects. In the first stage, the extraction and verifying them with a theoretical basis, a questionnaire is developed by interviewing the effective variables. This is available for space users and they are asked to answer the semi-open questions and for verifying them, they should refer to university experts. 52 residential complexes were studied in Tehran. 384 residents are randomly sampled. For the qualitative part, open and axial coding techniques are used in ATLASTI software. In quantitative section the inferential tests in SPSS were used. It can be concluded the dimensions of sense of place in residential complexes are intertwined and each of these dimensions includes the other, in a way that in the components or the first dimension of spatial-social components, they are merged and they have correlation. In the second factor physical-social and in the third factor socio-spatial and in the fourth factor spatial factors exist. Overall, when the selected components have two aspects of the environment, the correlation between them is much higher than the components to create more coverage to induct a sense of place in the residential complexes. It should be in a way that cover two or more dimensions to achieve more success than sense of place.</p> Hamid Mehraban, Mehrnoush Ghodsi, Mahnaz Mahmoodi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:13:29 +0330 Study and Analysis the Effect of Pond House in the Structural Formation of Houses in Hot and Dry Climate in Iran <p>Residential houses in the hot and dry climate of Iran are among the valuable and important buildings of this land. Recognition of the shape and physical structure of the hot and dry climates of Iran will not only preserve and restore this precious achievement in the past historical periods of Iran, it will also play an important and useful role in identifying the hidden features and potentials of this building.</p> <p>The present study intends to identify the structural features of the pond in relation to other spaces of residential buildings, to study and analyze how and to what extent the pond is effective in forming the structure of residential houses in the hot and dry climate of Iran. In this regard, the researcher first extracts repetitive morphological features in the pool house space and its effect on the emergence of residential house plans from among ten samples of residential houses with basins that have been randomly selected from the samples of the existing statistical population. In this research, the research method is comparative, historical and interpretive, which have been interpreted inferentially. The tools used in this research include collecting research findings through library and field studies and interviews with experts and masters. The results show that although according to the climatic model, the physical structure of most residential buildings in the hot and dry climate of Iran has a dominant north-south axis, but the location of the pool house is always along the dominant axis of the house; Even in cases where the main extension and the dominant axis of the house in this climate is defined as east-west.</p> Abazar Mehrali, Hossein Soltanzadeh, Kaveh Bazrafkan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:21:29 +0330 Investigation of the Hermeneutical Approach to Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage <p>In this article restoration is studied within a hermeneutic outlook. Hermeneutics, as a technique of interpretation, includes a general range of cases and text goes far beyond its classic sense and could include different issues such as art works. Thus, art work is considered as a text having an interpretational status and could be interpreted within different hermeneutical approaches. Hermeneutics in recognition stage functions by rendering the signs existing in the work and interpreting them by different scientific methods for identifying the material, technologies and the damages of it. Different hermeneutic approaches are originally determined on the considerable issue of authorial intent, so that the goal of restoring an art work is to restore it to its original form which conforms to the intent of its creator, or understands the work within the here and now paradigm and with an interpreter-oriented interpretation, i.e., the past is preserved as overlaid by the present. Thus, the restoration process carried on for assessing reliability level in interpretation could be analyzed, criticized and studied through a hermeneutic approach.</p> Soodabeh Yousefnejad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:30:24 +0330 The Comparative Consideration of the Bird’s Role in Textile of “Iranian Al-Buwayh” and “Egyptian Fatimid” <p>This research goal is a comparative analysis of bird’s role in the Al-Buwayh in the Iran and the Fatimids in the Egyptian era. The main question of this research is compilation through library method, what is the difference and similarity of bird’s role pattern in cloths of both historical periods? Research concludes with a descriptive and analytical method. These patterns can be seen more on textiles and silk pieces, draw birds similar to those eras. With the differences of the Iran’s art (Al-Buwayh and Seljukian) have much more capability in drawing patterns, combination patterns with background and patterns drawing instructor adjustment below the eyes. Drawing bird pattern from the front view angle in the Ancient Egypt (Fatimids) art is done much more, but more attention has been given in the Iranian perspective and side view.</p> Fahimeh Chadorkafoor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:36:34 +0330 Design of Portable Fabric Pots by Hydroponic Method <p>This article, which has been done by descriptive experimental method, has investigated the possibility of designing cloth pots and the growth and development of plants on the fabric bed. In this paper, the hydroponic method is used and the fabric is first supplemented with ammonium nitrate and two substrate samples are prepared for growing wheat seeds (soil, fabric) with the same conditions and parameters. Then seed growth on each substrate was examined for ten consecutive days. The altitude measured in these ten days showed that the plants had a gradual growth and did not show much deviation compared to the soil bed. Then, they designed fabric vases and in the fabric design of these vases, forms with vertical and horizontal lines, diagonal lines and accordion volumes were used. Also, in the color design section, dark spectrum colors have been used to prevent root rot that does not allow light to pass through, and finally, eight fabric pots have been designed and implemented.</p> Behnoosh Soltani, Salar Zohoori, Abolfazl Davoodi Rokanabadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:44:27 +0330 Theatre for Development (TfD) and its Significance in Rural Development <p>Regardless of the benefits that development has brought to some, it has largely bypassed the very people who most need a better standard of living: the masses in rural and semi-urban areas. The model of using participatory learning methods to explore the main concerns of a group and then creating a play to discuss the issues could be used in many situations. Theater for Development (TfD) is a relatively new way of using theater to enhance development in the real world. It is an art in which the Community Theater is used as a tool for mobilization, education, awareness, sensitization, and awareness of the community, all to achieve a change, either in individuals or in the community as a whole. This study aims to evaluate the relevance of theater in the concept of rural development and answer the question "What is the role of theater in the development process and how TfD can be a useful method for participatory development in the rural and semi-urban areas? "To obtain a comprehensive perception, this article goes further by explaining the TfD process and evaluating its advantages and disadvantages in the rural development process. The data used for this study is secondary data collected from previous studies using a qualitative and descriptive approach to interpret and analyze previous studies. This study argues that there is a strong link between development and theater and the latter can provide an opportunity to foster the process of development of marginalized groups in rural and semi-urban areas by creating a participatory platform that involves the local population in projects of development and make dialogue possible. However, there are some shortcomings in practice, such as fundraising or the influence of the governing systems that are the main investors that could misdirect the designated message. There are still gaps in the knowledge and practicality of the TfD method that should be overcome in the future.</p> Leila Keshavarzidindarloo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 18 Feb 2022 17:57:01 +0330