Analysis of the Continuance of Median Equestrian Cloths Aspects in Contemporary Kurdish Equestrians Aiming to Restore the Design and Sewing Technique

Main Article Content

Zahra Shamaizadeh
Mohammad Mirjalili
Salar Zohoori


Medians were the only Aryan tribe that defeated the great Assyrian empire through relying on their unity, releasing many tribes and dynasties from the aggressive and offending Assyrians captivity situations. It can definitely be said that horse breeding and ranching were quite developed among them, farming was common in the outskirts, and they were well informed about metal working with bronze. The Kurds are among the old Iranian races, who according to many researchers are the successors of Medians. Relying on the results of the present study, with only a little change, Kurdish clothing can be said to be the same as Median clothing where in some cases, for instance, the height of the clothing is shortened and extended from the knees to the waist, or the form of the waist sash that is slightly changed nowadays from the Median shape to the sash shape; it should also be said that all the transformations have been towards a more convenience and more appropriate function. Thus, regarding the historical basis, convenience and agility, the considered design and sewing, the recognition, and the models can be effective in these outfits. Reconsidering and restoring Median and Kurdish equestrian clothing with traditional design and sewing can lead to increased exporting of these outfits and reducing the importation of these clothes. This study is an applied research and the data are obtained by field-library investigations.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shamaizadeh, Z., Mirjalili, M., & Zohoori, S. (2018). Analysis of the Continuance of Median Equestrian Cloths Aspects in Contemporary Kurdish Equestrians Aiming to Restore the Design and Sewing Technique. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 2(4). Retrieved from


Bahrami, I. (2006). Horse in the Realm of Thought. Tehran, Zavar Publisher, 3-4.
Diakonov, I. (1966). Median history. (K. Keshavarz, Trans.). Tehran, Elmi Farhangi, 48, 191.
Ghirshman, R. (1989). Iran: from the earliest times to the Islamic conquest. (M. Moein, Trans.). Tehran, Elmi Farhangi Publisher, 99, 116,174.
Gheibi, M. (2008). A History of Persian Costume. Tehran, Hirmand Publisher, 83-85.
Mordech Kordestani, M. (1971). History of Mordech. Sanandaj, Gharighi Publisher.
Minorsky, V. F. (2003). Kurds, Medians successors. (J. Jalalizadeh, Trans.). Sanandaj, Zhiyar Publisher, 53, 102-103.
Niktin, V. (1989). Kurds and Kurdistan. (T. Feizizadeh, Trans.). Tabriz Published in University of Tabriz, 76, 85-93.
Olmstead, A. T. (2014). History of Achaemenid Empire (Ancient history) Geography of Western Iran. (M. Moghadam, Trans.). Tabriz, Amirkabir Publisher, 35.
Pirnia, H. (2007). History of Ancient Iran. Tehran, Negah Publisher, 156, 168-175.
Ravandi, M. (1977). Iran’s social history from the beginning to present era. Amirkabir Publisher, 1(79), 142-145.
Sykes, Sir. P. (2001). Iran history. (M. T. Fakhrdaei Gilani, Trans.). Tehran, Afsoon Publisher, 1(96), 149-150.
Xenophon, (2009). Cyrus the Great. (R. Mashayekhi, Trans.). Tehran, Elmi Farhangi.
Ziapour, J. (1974). Medians and foundation of first kingdom in the west of Iranian plain. Tehran, Anjomane Asare Melli Publisher, 172.
Ziapour, J. (1968). Clothing by Iranian tribes, nomads, and villagers. Tehran, Vezarate Farhang va Honar, 14-22.